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How to Plant Fall Flower Bulbs

Tulips – fall Planted garden
Planting flower bulbs is fast, easy, and nearly foolproof.
Fall bulbs are loved by both beginner and master gardeners, there are so few issues to consider. Gardeners can put all their effort into the fun part of gardening — design.

Fall allows a “second season” of planting for spring blooming bulbs. Planting in the fall allows a jumpstart to spring growth. The cool weather helps to make a more enjoyable experience for working outside in the garden and requires less watering. The cooler weather allows spring blooming bulbs to winter over, this is important in order for bulbs to provide beautiful spring cheerful blooms.

When bulbs arrive. Bulbs should be planted as soon as the ground is cool, when evening temperatures average between 40° to 50 deg; F. You should plant at least 6-8 weeks before the ground freezes. This is most common in cold climates (zones 1-7). You can, if necessary, store bulbs for a month or longer, if you keep them in a cool dry place. Planting fall bulbs in warm climates (zones 8-11) such as Tulips, Daffodils, Crocus, Hyacinths, Grape Hyacinths, Scilla, and Snowdrops, require pre-chilling in order to bloom. To pre-chill, leave bulbs in their bags and place in a refrigerator for 6-10 weeks.

Be careful not to store bulbs near fruit, especially apples, all ripening fruit give off ethylene gas. Ethylene gas can damage and or kill the flower inside the bulb. Once bulbs are chilled plant them at the coolest time of the year. Most importantly bulbs won’t last till next season, so make sure to plant them.

Read the label. Try to keep the label together with the bulbs until planting. Without the label, you can’t tell the red tulips from the white ones just by looking at the bulbs.
Where to plant. You can plant bulbs just about anywhere in your garden as long as the soil drains well. The Dutch say, “bulbs don’t like wet feet.” So, avoid areas where water collects, such as the bottom of hills. Bulbs like sun and in many areas the spring garden can be very sunny, since the leaves on the trees are not out yet. So keep in mind when planting in the fall that you can plant in many places for spring blooms.
Prepare the planting bed. Dig soil so it’s loose and workable. If it’s not an established garden bed, chances are the soil could use the addition of some organic matter such as compost or peat moss. These are available at most local garden retailers.



How to Plant Bulbs – Step by Step Instructions
Tulip Bulbs – Pointy end up

Tulip Bulbs - Pointy end up

Step 1: Loosen soil in the planting bed to a depth of at least 8”. Remove any weeds, rocks or other debris. You can mix in compost, other organic matter or slow releasing fertilizer if your soil lacks nutrients.

Step 2: Depending on the bulb, follow the recommendation on the label for planting depth. As a general rule, plant big bulbs about 8″ deep and small bulbs about 5″ deep. Set the bulb in the hole pointy side up or the roots down. It’s easy to spot the pointy end of a tulip; tougher with a crocus. If you can’t figure out the top from the bottom, plant the bulb on its side, in most cases, even if you don’t get it right, the flower bulb will still find its way topside.

Step 3: Now that the bulbs are planted, back fill with soil over the hole, lightly compress the soil but do not pack it. Water to stimulate root growth. There is no need to water continuously unless you live in an area with low precipitation in the winter months.

Aftercare in the Spring
Fertilizing: For bulbs that are intended to naturalize (return for several years) or for bulbs that are coming into their second year, spread an organic fertilizer such as compost, or a slow release bulb food on top of the soil.

Pruning: When the flowers have completed blooming, cut the flower head off but do not cut the foliage. Bulbs will use the foliage to gather nutrients from the sun and store for the following seasons. Once the foliage have turned yellow or brown you can cut them to ground level.

Plant bulbs in clusters. If you plant one bulb alone, or make a long thin line along the walk, the impact is less desirable. Clusters give a concentration of color for greatest impact. Even if you don’t have enough bulbs for a big bed, small clusters can make a super spring show.

Plant low bulbs in front of high. This is a good general rule for bulbs that bloom at the same time. Of course there are times to break this rule. For example if the low growing bulbs bloom early and the tall bulbs bloom late, plant the tall in front. Their display will camouflage the dying foliage of the smaller bulbs!.

Try a double-decker effect. You can plant small bulbs in a layer right on top of large bulbs. If you plant bulbs that flower in the same period you can create an interesting double-decker effect. Or you can stagger the bloom time by planting mid- and late-season bloomers together, creating a spring display that blooms in succession, for a whole season of color!

In the end, what you do with fall bulbs is limited only by your imagination. A few hours one brisk autumn afternoon can yield months of colorful excitement in your yard or garden next spring.

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Boss’s Day

Boss’s Day

Boss’s Day is a holiday which is celebrated either on October 16th or on the working day which is the closest to it if it falls on a weekend. This day is not only observed in the United States but is also observed in Canada, India and Lithuania. The purpose of this day is so employees can show their boss some appreciation. As an observance, it is not a nationwide public holiday and not schools, government buildings or businesses are closed on that day.

History of Boss’s Day

Boss’s Day can be traced back to 1958. This is when an employee of State Farm Insurance Co. in Deerfield, Illinois, Patricia Bays Haroski, decided to register the holiday with the U.S Chamber of Commerce. She chose October 16th as the day that the holiday should be observed because it was also the day of her father’s birthday. The purpose of her creating this holiday was not only to honor her own boss but so all employees could honor their bosses. She also believed that Boss’s Day would become instrumental in improving employer-employee relations. In 1962, Illinois Governor Otto Kerner learned of the holiday and officially proclaimed the day as an observance. While it may have originated as an American holiday, interest in Boss’s Day began to spread outside of the U.S. Nowadays, it is being observed in India, Lithuania, Australia and South Africa.

Boss’s Day Customs & Celebrations

Traditionally, Boss’s Day is celebrated by an employee giving their boss or supervisor a card. However, in recent years gifts given on Boss’s Day have begun to become a little bigger than just a card. People are giving flowers, candy and chocolates, and some offices are pooling their money together to buy even bigger gifts. 

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How To:

The design it yourself Tropical Sunset floral arrangement has Helicona Caribea, Heliconia Psittacorum, red ginger, Song of India, ti leaf, maraca ginger, echevaria succulents, and palm leaf. Using florist foam, you can easily create an intricate, beautiful design.

I usually do my tropical arrangements in florist foam, the blooms tend to be heavy and this will give a better control over the design and shape. Soak the flower foam completely in water that has had flower food added to the water. Let soak for 20 -30 minutes before starting.

I like using a solid colored vase or ceramic container, this way you can hide the floral foam. Using a sharp long knife cut your floral foam to fit your container, flush to the top of the container.

Tropical flowers tend to be large , bright vertical blooms that last for a couple of weeks. Prep you stems by cleaning off all excess leaves that may be under water so all you have left is the blooms on top of the big thick stems.

The best way to approach your design is to think architecturally. You will want to create an “L” shape by starting with a backdrop of a couple of ti leafs and palms and a few leaves around the top of the container. Then start at the highest point you want to make your arrangement, cutting your first stem to that height and insert into the foam. You should put your stems deep enough in the foam, a few inches so that stems stay in place.

Continue putting in your other flowers by grouping them in staggered heights so you can see each bloom from several sides.

Put a few blooms at a horizontal angle as well, like I’ve done with the red gingers, this will create some width to the look.

Then finish with a large headed bloom cut down low and tucked in the base, like I’ve done with the succulent head. This will carry your eyes from the top, down to the base of the arragnment.

Once you’ve put finished , wipe the leaves and blooms with leaf shine, this will clean up any water marks and help the blooms retain water.

Private and group classes are available.

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History of Mother’s Day

The History of Mother’s Day

In the United States, we celebrate Mother’s Day as a special holiday dedicated to honoring moms for everything they do.  Although there might be a variation of customs associated with different religions and customs, most people choose to pay homage to dear old mum by a show of gifts, cards and of course-flowers.  It wasn’t always this way, since Mother’s Day has an interesting history that most aren’t aware of. While there is evidence that the holiday was recognized as far back to ancient Greek and Roman times, the progression of the event in the States holds a fascinating story compelled by determination and regret.  For founder, Anna Jarvis, daughter of Anne Reeves Jarvis, she never expected the outcome of all of her efforts to be disappointing in the end…

june cleaver
As stated before, the celebration of moms has been a long tradition but officially, the holiday was not added to the calendar until the year of 1914.  Originally inspired by the idea after her mother’s passing, Ms. Jarvis decided it would be her mission to initiate a movement to make it a nationwide observance.  Little did she know she would spend half of her life completing this mission until President Woodrow Wilson agreed to sign documents and decree Mother’s Day would occur every second Sunday in May.  Jarvis was thrilled with the effectiveness of her campaign but eventually grew to rue the day when she saw the outcome of commercialism taking over.

With total surprise, Mother’s Day took off much stronger than expected, appealing to a broader scope of supporters than she ever expected.  Even though she was at first pleased by the reaction, Anna soon became enraged by the pure sentiment of loving your mother being replaced by the purchasing of expensive and lavish gifts.  She pointed the finger at businesses attempting to capitalize profits off of the new holiday, proclaiming they were all pigs just after more money. Ironically, the founder had initially reached out to local enterprises (specifically flower shops) to help support her cause within advertising and marketing efforts.  Never did she dream that the public would react the way they did by making Mother’s Day one of the highest shopping holidays of the year. Anna was so angry that she denounced the holiday all together and made it the last half of her life’s mission to have the date stricken from the calendar. Poor Anna died in 1948, unsuccessful with un-popularizing Mother’s Day.

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Trending Hue is Lavender

Long before Pantone chose Ultra Violet for its 2018 Color of the Year, there was the unmistakable aroma of lavender in the air. We noticed this soothing pale shade popping up everywhere, from fashion runways to cookware, contemporary products and interior schemes, a refreshing change from modern design’s preoccupation with primary colors. It may be easy to label lavender a seasonal hue, its arrival timed in tandem with the emergence of crocuses and hyacinths, Easter baskets and pastel eggs, but we think 2018’s lavender trend is season-averse, imbued with enough staying power to outlast the coming seasons, and, possibly, the years ahead. Here, we highlight elegant contemporary design pieces rendered all the more beguiling by having been dipped in lovely lavender.

French cookware manufacturer, Le Creuset, released an irresistibly pretty colorway to its existing palette range—Provence, inspired, they say, not by Pantone’s Ultra Violet, but by the South of France’s famous fields of lavender.

Interior architect and designer India Mahdavi is known for her daring color schemes, and the Ladurée restaurant and tea room in Geneva is no exception. Dominating the dining room of velvet furnishings is the inspired color combination of bottle green and pale purple.

Taking femininity to new athletic heights, Puma’s collaboration with the singer Rihanna has produced the Puma Bow Sneaker collection, footwear that features satin ribbons and a selection of girly colors—including Sweet Lavender.

Proof that lavender is not just for kids’ rooms is this sophisticated modern space, styled by Danish interiors brand Bloomingville, in which a pale purple sofa is arranged against a wall painted in a elegant lavender.

Last September, New York Fashion Week exhibited its spring 2018 collection, and a major color trend emerged. Victoria Beckham, Michael Kors and Ulla Johnson were amongst designers who unveiled clothes, both formal and casual, that showcased various shades of lavender, lilac, mauve.


Flowers too come in this wonderful hue from Lily of the Nile to Anemones, Lilacs, Wild Indigo, Hyacinths, Cyclamen, Columbine, Tulips, Orchids, Fuschia and so much more.